N ative Americans populated the area we know today as Texas.
When immigrants began populating the United States, Texas was a vast w ilderness to the southwest.
Immigrants came from the north, east and south into an undeveloped fertile land to settle this vast territory.
New Settlers (Texans) fought for their independence that culminated when the Texas Declaration of Independence was signed in 1836. Fighting from within and without took its toll.
Industrial development followed. Then came the difficult days of the War Between the States followed by the trials of Reconstruction.
Why did people continue to come to settle this state? Newcomers to Texas came for democracy.
As President Franklin Roosevelt said when he visited Texas on a three- day tour beginning June 12, 1936: “ Texans believe in democracy in government. The prosperity which has come to Texas through the products of the farms and ranches, the products of its factories, has been made possible chief ly because other parts of the nation were in possession of the buying power, the consuming power, to use what you have produced.”
Texas did celebrate its 100th anniversary in 1936 with a Texas sized party.
The 44th Legislature launched the effort in 1935 creating a Commission of Control for Texas Centennial Celebrations.
This was a broad vent ure including restorations of historic buildings, coordinating statewide pageants and ceremonies and a huge Texas-sized central exposition at Fair Park in Dallas modeled after worlds’ fairs.
The outcome was the many granite and bronze monuments, markers, statues and plaques that were place across the 254 counties of the state.
Noted architects along with renowned sculptors created timeless works that remain to attract tourists and educate the population of the state.